Types of Helping Professions

FieldWhat they do? How are they helpers?
Social Work -Master’s degree
-Focuses on the individual in society
-View environmental factors in the treatment of an individual-Help develop skills to
bring about social change
Couples &
Family
Counseling
-Master’s degree
-Deal with domestic and familial problems
-Help individuals connect, relate, and work through interpersonal problems
Clinical and
Counseling Psychology
-Requires doctorate
-Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of
people to help them function better in their daily lives (socialization, career planning,
etc.)
-Sometimes perform trials and research
-Analyzes case studies
School
Counseling
-Master’s degree
-Help students of varying age groups
-Focus on educational issues, but can give personal guidance as well
-Help with language barriers and respect of cultural diversity in schools
-Help with cultural/ familial problems to ensure academic success
-Offer planning for future academics and
careers
Rehabilitation
Counseling
-Help people with a variety of disabilities (medical, physical, mental,
cognitive, developmental, cognitive)
achieve their goals of independent living to whatever degree they can
-Help with career skills, personal skills, medical intervention, and other life skills
(holistic)
Drug and
Alcohol
Counseling
-Education, prevention, treatment of
addiction
Paraprofessional and Human
Services Work
-Non-licensed workers who provide
psychological services
-May have some degree that related to the helping professions
-Perform some of the tasks preformed by
licensed workers
-Broader roles (advocacy, community
development)
-Often work where licensed helpers may be needed but are not readily available
Educators-Teaches others-Can educate/impact others in a variety of ways
-Should be strong role model
-Can work as a teacher in a school /
university, but educators are found
everywhere
-There is no set degree needed to help and teach others, many teaching careers
require a Master’s Degree

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